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国家保护动物有哪些,家重点保护野生动物名录

发布时间:2021-01-11 03:04编辑:admin阅读(

    灵长目PRIMATES懒猴科Lorisidae蜂猴(所有种)Nycticebusspp.Ⅰ猴科Cercopithecidae短尾猴Macaca arctoidesⅡ熊猴Macaca assamensisⅠ台湾猴Macaca cyclopisⅠ猕猴Macaca mulattaⅡ豚尾猴Macaca nemestrinaⅠ藏酋猴Macaca thibetanaⅡ叶猴(所有种)Presbytisspp.Ⅰ金丝猴(所有种)Rhinopithecusspp.Ⅰ猩猩科Pongidae长臂猿(所有种)Hylobatesspp.Ⅰ鳞甲目PHOLIDOTA鲮鲤科Manidae穿山甲Manis pentadactylaⅡ食肉目CARNIVORA犬科Canidae豺Cuon alpinusⅡ熊科Ursidae黑熊Selenarctos thibetanusⅡ棕熊(包括马熊)Ursus arctos(U. a. pruinosus)Ⅱ马来熊Helarctos malayanusⅠ浣熊科Procyonidae小熊猫Ailurus fulgensⅡ大熊猫科Ailuropodidae大熊猫Ailuropoda melanoleucaⅠ鼬科Mustelidae石貂Martes foinaⅡ紫貂Martes zibellinaⅠ黄喉貂Martes flavigulaⅡ貂熊Gulo guloⅠ*水獭(所有种)Lutraspp.Ⅱ*小爪水獭Aonyx cinereaⅡ灵猫科Viverridae斑林狸Prionodon pardicolorⅡ大灵猫Viverra zibethaⅡ小灵猫Viverricula indicaⅡ熊狸Arctictis binturongⅠ猫科Felidae草原斑猫Felis lybica(=silvestris)Ⅱ荒漠猫Felis bietiⅡ丛林猫Felis chausⅡ猞猁Felis lynxⅡ兔狲Felis manulⅡ金猫Felis temminckiⅡ渔猫Felis viverrinusⅡ云豹Neofelis nebulosaⅠ豹Panthera pardusⅠ虎Panthera tigrisⅠ雪豹Panthera unciaⅠ*鳍足目(所有种)PINNIPEDIAⅡ海牛目SIRENIA儒艮科Dugongidae*儒艮Dugong dugonⅠ鲸目CETACEA喙豚科Platanistidae*白鱀豚Lipotes vexilliferⅠ海豚科Delphinidae*中华白海豚Sousa chinensisⅠ*其它鲸类(Cetacea)Ⅱ长鼻目PROBOSCIDEA象科Elephantidae亚洲象Elephas maximusⅠ奇蹄目PERISSODACTYLA马科Equidae蒙古野驴Equus hemionusⅠ西藏野驴Equus kiangⅠ野马Equus przewalskiiⅠ偶蹄目ARTIODACTYLA驼科Camelidae野骆驼Camelus ferus(=bactrianus)Ⅰ鼷鹿科Tragulidae鼷鹿Tragulus javanicusⅠ麝科Moschidae麝(所有种)Moschusspp.Ⅰ鹿科Cervidae河麂Hydropotes inermisⅡ黑麂Muntiacus crinifronsⅠ白唇鹿Cervus albirostrisⅠ马鹿(包括白臀鹿)Cervus elaphus(C. e. macneilli)Ⅱ坡鹿Cervus eldiⅠ梅花鹿Cervus nipponⅠ豚鹿Cervus porcinusⅠ水鹿Cervus unicolorⅡ麋鹿Elaphurus davidianusⅠ驼鹿Alces alcesⅡ牛科Bovidae野牛Bos gaurusⅠ野牦牛Bos mutus(=grunniens)Ⅰ黄羊Procapra gutturosaⅡ普氏原羚Procapra przewalskiiⅠ藏原羚Procapra picticaudataⅡ鹅喉羚Gazella subgutturosaⅡ藏羚Pantholops hodgsoniⅠ高鼻羚羊Saiga tataricaⅠ扭角羚Budorcas taxicolorⅠ鬣羚Capricornis sumatraensisⅡ台湾鬣羚Capricornis crispusⅠ赤斑羚Naemorhedus cranbrookiⅠ斑羚Naemorhedus goralⅡ塔尔羊Hemitragus jemlahicusⅠ北山羊Capra ibexⅠ岩羊Pseudois nayaurⅡ盘羊Ovis ammonⅡ兔形目LAGOMORPHA兔科Leporidae海南兔Lepus peguensis hainanusⅡ雪兔Lepus timidusⅡ塔尔木兔Lepus yarkandensisⅡ啮齿目RODENTIA松鼠科Sciuridae巨松鼠Ratufa bicolorⅡ河狸科Castoridae河狸Castor fiberⅠ鸟纲 AVES鸊鷉目PODICIPEDIFORMES鸊鷉科Podicipedidae角鸊鷉Podiceps auritusⅡ赤颈鸊鷉Podiceps grisegenaⅡ鹱形目PROCELLARIIFORMES信天翁科Diomedeidae短尾信天翁Diomedea albatrusⅠ鹈形目PELECANIFORMES鹈鹕科Pelecanidae鹈鹕(所有种)Pelecanusspp.Ⅱ鲣鸟科Sulidae鲣鸟(所有种)Sulaspp.Ⅱ鸬鹚科Phalacrocoracidae海鸬鹚Phalacrocorax pelagicusⅡ黑颈鸬鹚Phalacrocorax nigerⅡ军舰鸟科Fregatidae白腹军舰鸟Fregata andrewsiⅠ鹳形目CICONIIFORMES鹭科Ardeidae黄嘴白鹭Egretta eulophotesⅡ岩鹭Egretta sacraⅡ海南虎斑鳽Gorsachius magnificusⅡ小苇鳽Ixbrychus minutusⅡ鹳科Ciconiidae彩鹳Ibis leucocephalusⅡ白鹳Ciconia ciconiaⅠ黑鹳Ciconia nigraⅠ鹮科Threskiornithidae白鹮Threskiornis aethiopicusⅡ黑鹮Pseudibis papillosaⅡ朱鹮Nipponia nipponⅠ彩鹮Plegadis falcinellusⅡ白琵鹭Platalea leucorodiaⅡ黑脸琵鹭Platalea minorⅡ雁形目ANSERIFORMES鸭科Anatidae红胸黑雁Branta ruficollisⅡ白额雁Anser albifronsⅡ天鹅(所有种)Cygnusspp.Ⅱ鸳鸯Aix galericulataⅡ中华秋沙鸭Mergus squamatusⅠ隼形目FALCONIFORMES鹰科Accipitridae金雕Aquila chrysaetosⅠ白肩雕Aquila heliacaⅠ玉带海雕Haliaeetus leucoryphusⅠ白尾海雕Haliaeetus albcillaⅠ虎头海雕Haliaeetus pelagicusⅠ拟兀鹫Pseudogyps bengalensisⅠ胡兀鹫Gypaetus barbatusⅠ其它鹰类(Accipitridae)Ⅱ隼科(所有种)FalconidaeⅡ鸡形目GALLIFORMES松鸡科Tetraonidae细嘴松鸡Tetrao parvirostrisⅠ黑琴鸡Lyrurus tetrixⅡ柳雷鸟Lagopus lagopusⅡ岩雷鸟Lagopus mutusⅡ镰翅鸟Falcipennis falcipennisⅡ花尾榛鸡Tetrastes bonasiaⅡ斑尾榛鸡Tetrastes sewerzowiⅠ雉科Phasianidae雪鸡(所有种)Tetraogallusspp.Ⅱ雉鹑Tetraophasis obscurusⅠ四川山鹧鸪Arborophila rufipectusⅠ海南山鹧鸪Arborophila ardensⅠ血雉Ithaginis cruentusⅡ黑头角雉Tragopan melanocephalusⅠ红胸角雉Tragopan satyraⅠ灰腹角雉Tragopan blythiiⅠ红腹角雉Tragopan temminckiiⅡ黄腹角雉Tragopan cabotiⅠ虹雉(所有种)Lophophorusspp.Ⅰ藏马鸡Crossoptilon crossoptilonⅡ蓝马鸡Crossoptilon aurtunⅡ褐马鸡Crossoptilon mantchuricumⅠ黑鹇Lophura leucomelanaⅡ白鹇Lophura nycthemeraⅡ蓝鹇Lophura swinhoiiⅠ原鸡Gallus gallusⅡ勺鸡Pucrasia macrolophaⅡ黑颈长尾雉Syrmaticus humiaeⅠ白冠长尾雉Syrmaticus reevesiiⅡ白颈长尾雉Syrmaticus ewlliotiⅠ黑长尾雉Syrmaticus mikadoⅠ锦鸡(所有种)Chrysolophusspp.Ⅱ孔雀雉Polyplectron bicalcaratumⅠ绿孔雀Pavo muticusⅠ鹤形目GRUIFORMES鹤科Gruidae灰鹤Grus grusⅡ黑颈鹤Grus nigricollisⅠ白头鹤Grus monachaⅠ沙丘鹤Grus canadensisⅡ丹顶鹤Grus japonensisⅠ白枕鹤Grus vipioⅡ白鹤Grus leucogeranusⅠ赤颈鹤Grus antigoneⅠ蓑羽鹤Anthropoides virgoⅡ秧鸡科Rallidae长脚秧鸡Crex crexⅡ姬田鸡Porzana parvaⅡ棕背田鸡Porzana bicolorⅡ花田鸡Coturnicops noveboracensisⅡ鸨科Otidae鸨(所有种)Otisspp.Ⅰ形鸻目CHARADRIIFORMES雉鸻科Jacanidae铜翅水雉Metopidius indicusⅡ鹬科Soolopacidae小勺鹬Numenius borealisⅡ小青脚鹬Tringa guttiferⅡ燕鸻科Glareolidae灰燕鸻Glareola lacteaⅡ鸥形目LARIFORMES鸥科Laridae遗鸥Larus relictusⅠ小鸥Larus minutusⅡ黑浮鸥Chlidonias nigerⅡ黄嘴河燕鸥Sterna aurantiaⅡ黑嘴端凤头燕鸥Thalasseus zimmermanniⅡ鸽形目COLUMBIFORMES沙鸡科Pteroclididae黑腹沙鸡Pterocles orientalisⅡ鸠鸽科Columbidae绿鸠(所有种)Treronspp.Ⅱ黑颏果鸠Ptilinopus leclancheriⅡ皇鸠(所有种)Duculaspp.Ⅱ斑尾林鸽Columba palumbusⅡ鹃鸠(所有种)Macropygiaspp.Ⅱ鹦形目PSITTACIFORMES鹦鹉科(所有种)Psittacidae spp.Ⅱ鹃形目CUCULIFORMES杜鹃科Cuculidae鸦鹃(所有种)Centropusspp.Ⅱ鴞形目(所有种)STRIGIFORMES spp.Ⅱ雨燕目APODIFORMES雨燕科Apodidae灰喉针尾雨燕Hirundapus cochinchinensisⅡ凤头雨燕科Hemiprocnidae凤头雨燕Hemiprocne longipennisⅡ咬鹃目TROGONIFORMES咬鹃科Trogonidae橙胸咬鹃Harpactes oreskiosⅡ佛法僧目CORACIIFORMES翠鸟科Alcedinidae蓝耳翠鸟Alcedo menintingⅡ鹳嘴翠鸟Pelargopsis capensisⅡ蜂虎科Meropidae黑胸蜂虎Merops leschenaultiⅡ绿喉蜂虎Merops orientalisⅡ犀鸟科(所有种)BucertidaeⅡ鴷形目PICIFORMES啄木鸟科Picidae白腹黑啄木鸟Dryocopus javensisⅡ雀形目PASSERIFORMES阔嘴鸟科(所有种)Eurylaimidae spp.Ⅱ八色鸫科(所有种)Pittidae spp.Ⅱ爬行纲 REPTILIA龟鳖目TESTUDOFORMES龟科Emydidae*地龟Geoemyda spengleriⅡ*三线闭壳龟Cuora trifasciataⅡ*云南闭壳龟Cuora yunnanensisⅡ陆龟科Testudinidae四爪陆龟Testudo horsfieldiⅠ凹甲陆龟Manouria impressaⅡ海龟科Cheloniidae*蠵龟Caretta carettaⅡ*绿海龟Chelonia mydasⅡ*玳瑁Eretmochelys imbricataⅡ*太平洋丽龟Lepidochelys olivaceaⅡ棱皮龟科Dermochelyidae*棱皮龟Dermochelys coriaceaⅡ鳖科Trionychidae*鼋Pelochelys bibroniⅠ*山瑞鳖Trionyx steindachneriⅡ蜥蜴目LACERTIFORMES壁虎科Gekkonidae大壁虎Gekko geckoⅡ鳄蜥科Shinisauridae蜥鳄Shinisaurus crocodilurusⅠ巨蜥科Varanidae巨蜥Varanus salvatorⅠ蛇目SERPENTIFORMES蟒科Boidae蟒Python molurusⅠ鳄目CROCODILIFORMES鼍科Alligatoridae扬子鳄Alligator sinensisⅠ两栖纲 AMPHIBIA有尾目CAUDATA隐鳃鲵科Cryptobranchidae*大鲵Andrias davidianusⅡ蝾螈科Salamandridae*细痣疣螈Tylototriton asperrimusⅡ*镇海疣螈Tylototriton chinhaiensisⅡ*贵州疣螈Tylototriton kweichowensisⅡ*大凉疣螈Tylototriton taliangensisⅡ*细瘰疣螈Tylototriton verrucosusⅡ无尾目ANURA蛙科Ranidae虎纹蛙Rana tigrinaⅡ鱼纲 PISCES鲈形目PERCIFORMES石首鱼科Sciaenidae*黄唇鱼Bahaba flavolabiataⅡ杜父鱼科Cottidae*松江鲈鱼Trachidermus fasciatusⅡ海龙鱼目SYNGNATHIFORMES海龙鱼科Syngnathidae*克氏海马鱼Hippocampus kelloggiⅡ鲤形目CYPRINIFORMES胭脂鱼科Catostomidae*胭脂鱼Myxocyprinus asiaticusⅡ鲤科Cyprinidae*唐鱼Tanichthys albonubesⅡ*大头鲤Cyprinus pellegriniⅡ*金钱鲃Sinocyclocheilus grahami grahamiⅡ*新疆大头鱼Aspiorhynchus laticepsⅠ*大理裂腹鱼Schizothorax taliensisⅡ鳗鲡目ANGUILLIFORMES鳗鲡科Anguillidae*花鳗鲡Anguilla marmorataⅡ鲑形目SALMONIFORMES鲑科Salmonidae*川陕哲罗鲑Hucho bleekeriⅡ*秦岭细鳞鲑Brachymystax lenok tsinlingensisⅡ鲟形目ACIPENSERIFORMES鲟科Acipenseridae*中华鲟Acipenser sinensisⅠ*达氏鲟Acipenser dabryanusⅠ匙吻鲟科Polyodontidae*白鲟Psephurus gladiusⅠ文昌鱼纲 APPENDICULARIA文昌鱼目AMPHIOXIFORMES文昌鱼科Branchiostomatidae*文昌鱼Branchiotoma belcheriⅡ珊瑚纲 ANTHOZOA柳珊瑚目GORGONACEA红珊瑚科Coralliidae*红珊瑚Coralliumspp.Ⅰ腹足纲 GASTROPODA中腹足目MESOGASTROPODA宝贝科Cypraeidae*虎斑宝贝Cypraea tigrisⅡ冠螺科Cassididae*冠螺Cassis cornutaⅡ瓣鳃纲 LAMELLIBRANCHIA异柱目ANISOMYARIA珍珠贝科Pteriidae*大珠母贝Pinctada maximaⅡ真瓣鳃目EULAMELLIBRANCHIA砗磲科Tridacnidae*库氏砗磲Tridacna cookianaⅠ蚌科Unionidae*佛耳丽蚌Lamprotula mansuyiⅡ头足纲 CEPHALOPODA四鳃目TETRABRANCHIA鹦鹉螺科Nautilidae*鹦鹉螺Nautilus pompiliusⅠ昆虫纲 INSECTA双尾目DIPLURA铗科Japygidae伟铗Atlasjapyx atlasⅡ蜻蜓目ODONATA箭蜓科Gomphidae尖板曦箭蜓Heliogomphus retroflexusⅡ宽纹北箭蜓Ophiogomphus spinicorneⅡ缺翅目ZORAPTERA缺翅虫科Zorotypidae中华缺翅虫Zorotypus sinensisⅡ墨脱缺翅虫Zorotypus medoensisⅡ蛩蠊目GRYLLOBLATTODAE蛩蠊科Grylloblattidae中华蛩蠊Galloisiana sinensisⅠ鞘翅目COLEOPTERA步甲科Carabidae拉步甲Carabus(Coptolabrus)lafosseiⅡ硕步甲Carabus(Apotopterus)davidiⅡ臂金龟科Euchiridae彩臂金龟(所有种)Cheirotonusspp.Ⅱ犀金龟科Dynastidae叉犀金龟Allomyrina davidisⅡ鳞翅目LEPIDOPTERA凤蝶科Papilionidae金斑喙凤蝶Teinopalpus aureusⅠ双尾褐凤蝶Bhutanitis mansfieldiⅡ三尾褐凤蝶Bhutanitis thaidina dongchuanensisⅡ中华虎凤蝶Luehdorfia chinensis huashanensisⅡ绢蝶科Parnassidae阿波罗绢蝶Parnassius apolloⅡ肠鳃纲 ENTEROPNEUSTA柱头虫科Balanoglossidae*多鳃孔舌形虫Glossobalanus polybranchioporusⅠ玉钩虫科Harrimaniidae*黄岛长吻虫Saccoglossus hwangtauensis

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